University of Heidelberg

Tilman Enss | Many-body theory seminar

The research seminar of the Enss group takes place on Wednesdays at 14.15h in Philosophenweg 19 (seminar room).

Summer term 2020

From 16 March 2020 on the weekly seminar is taking place online.

  • Tuesday 28 July 2020, 10.00h, via zoom
    Collective excitations of trapped Bose-Einstein condensed gases: short vs long range interactions
    Dr. Sukla Pal (University of Otago, New Zealand)

  • Thursday 23 July 2020, 11.00h, via zoom
    Conformal Symmetry and the Dynamics of Unitary Fermi Gases
    Dr. Jeff Maki (University of Hong Kong)

  • Thursday 16 July 2020, 14.15h, via zoom — jointly with Complex Systems seminar
    Rotational coherence spectroscopy and far-from-equilibrium dynamics of molecules in 4He nanodroplets
    Dr. Giacomo Bighin (Institute of Science and Technology Austria)

    We consider a single molecule embedded in a superfluid Helium nanodroplet as a prototype of a fully controllable many-body system in which to reveal angular momentum dynamics: an ultrashort, high-intensity laser pulse can induce molecular axis alignment, creating extreme out-of-equilibrium conditions, while imaging of molecular fragments after Coulomb explosion allows to obtain time-resolved measurements of molecular alignment [1,3,4].
    Using the concept of quasiparticle and the recently-introduced angulon quasiparticle [2,3], we provide a better understanding of the rotational dynamics of the molecule, even far from equilibrium or when they are strongly affected by the interaction with the many-body environment. The dynamical theory we develop shows a very good agreement with experimental data [3,4] for several molecular species and across a wide range of laser fluences, contributing to advancing the understanding of angular momentum dynamics in a many-body environment.
    [1] D. Pentlehner et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 093002 (2013).
    [2] R. Schmidt and M. Lemeshko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 203001 (2015).
    [3] I.N. Cherepanov, GB, L. Christiansen, A.V. J°rgensen, R. Schmidt, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Lemeshko, arXiv:1906.12238.
    [4] A.S. Chatterley, ..., GB et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 125, 013001 (2020).

  • Thursday 9 July 2020, 14.15h, online
    Journal club: Evidence for Unbounded Growth of the Number Entropy in Many-Body Localized Phases
    Dr. Tilman Enss (Universität Heidelberg)

    Abstract: Journal club on M. Kiefer-Emmanouilidis et al., PRL 124, 243601 (2020).

  • Thursday 2 July 2020, 14.15h, via zoom
    Complex networks with tuneable dimensions as a universality playground
    Dr. Giacomo Gori (Universität Heidelberg)

    Universality is one of the key concepts in understanding critical phenomena. However, for interacting inhomogeneous systems described by complex networks a clear understanding of the relevant parameters for universality is still missing. Here we discuss the role of a fundamental network parameter, the spectral dimension, neglected in previous investigations. For this purpose, we construct a complex network model where the probability of a bond between two nodes is proportional to a power law of the nodes' distances. By explicit computation we prove that the spectral dimension for this model can be tuned continuously from 1 to infinity, and we discuss related network connectivity measures. We propose our model as a tool to probe universal behaviour on inhomogeneous structures and comment on the possibility that the universal behaviour of correlated models on such networks mimics the one of continuous field theories in fractional euclidean dimensions. We suggest that similar structures could be engineered in atomic, molecular and optical devices in order to tune universal properties to a desired value.
    [1] A.P. Millán, G. Gori, F. Battiston, T. Enss and N. Defenu, arXiv:2006.10421.

  • Thursday 18 June 2020, 14.15h, via zoom
    Strong correlations in the normal phase of an attractive Fermi gas
    Dr. Michele Pini (U Camerino, Italy)

    M. Pini et al., Phys. Rev. B 99, 094502 (2019) and arXiv:1912.04802.

Winter term 2019

  • Thursday 20 February 2020, 11.00h, SR Phil19
    Dynamics of the quantum long-range interacting Ising chain
    Giulia Piccitto (SISSA Trieste, Italy)

    In this talk I will briefly introduce the problem of nonequilibrium dynamics of quantum many-body systems. In particular, I will focus on the dynamics of the long-range interacting Ising chain, both in the presence and absence of dissipation. Focusing on the closed Ising spin chains with power-law decaying interactions and accounting for short-range correlations by a cluster mean field theory I will show that the latter are responsible for the emergence of a chaotic dynamical region. Analyzing the fine details of the phase diagram, I will show that the resulting chaotic dynamics bears close analogies with that of a tossed coin. Finally I will show some preliminary results on the dissipative dynamics of fully connected Ising chains.

  • Wednesday 12 February 2020, 10.30h, INF 226 (CQD lounge) — jointly with Weidemüller group
    Journal club: Polaron bubble stabilised by medium-induced three-body interactions
    Dr. Tilman Enss (Universität Heidelberg)

    Abstract: Journal club on P. Naidon, arXiv:2001.08352 (2020).

  • Thursday 6 February 2020, 14.15h, SR Phil19 — jointly with Complex Systems seminar
    One-dimensional disordered bosons
    Prof. Nicolas Dupuis (Univ. Paris, France)

    After a general introduction to the field theory of disordered systems, which emphasizes the need of considering different copies (replicas) of the system within a functional approach, we discuss the phase diagram of a one-dimensional disordered Bose fluid. Using bosonization and a nonperturbative functional renormalization-group approach, we find that the localized phase (dubbed Bose-glass) is described by a fully attractive strong-disorder fixed point characterized by a singular disorder correlator whose functional dependence assumes a cuspy form. We show that this reveals the glassy properties (pinning, "shocks" and "avalanches") of the Bose-glass phase due to the existence of metastable states, as well as the crucial role of quantum tunneling between different metastable configurations leading to the existence of rare superfluid regions.

  • Monday 3 February 2020, 14.15h, SR Phil19
    The low-temperature phase in the two-dimensional long-range XY model
    Fabiana Cescatti (Univ. Parma, Italy)

  • Wednesday 18 December 2019, 14.15h, SR Phil19
    Transport in the unitary Fermi gas
    Dr. Tilman Enss (Universität Heidelberg)

  • Journal club: Dynamics of relaxation and dressing of a quenched Bose polaron
    Moritz Drescher (Universität Heidelberg)

    Abstract: Journal club on D. Boyanovsky et al., PRA 100, 043617 (2019).

  • Monday 02 December 2019, 15.30h, INF 226 (CQD lounge) — jointly with Weidemüller group
    Journal club: Trapped Bose-Einstein Condensates with Attractive s-wave Interaction
    Eleonora Lippi (Universität Heidelberg)

    Abstract: Journal club on Tao Shi et al., arXiv:1909.02432.

  • Wednesday 27 November 2019, 14.15h, SR Phil19
    Bulk viscosity and contact correlations in attractive Fermi gases
    Dr. Tilman Enss (Universität Heidelberg)

    The bulk viscosity determines dissipation during hydrodynamic expansion. It vanishes in scale invariant fluids, while a nonzero value quantifies the deviation from scale invariance. For the dilute Fermi gas the bulk viscosity is given exactly by the correlation function of the contact density of local pairs. As a consequence, scale invariance is broken purely by pair fluctuations. These fluctuations give rise also to logarithmic terms in the bulk viscosity of the high-temperature nondegenerate gas. For the quantum degenerate regime I report numerical Luttinger-Ward results for the contact correlator and the dynamical bulk viscosity throughout the BEC-BCS crossover. The ratio of bulk to shear viscosity ζ/η is found to exceed the kinetic theory prediction in the quantum degenerate regime. Near the superfluid phase transition the bulk viscosity is enhanced by critical fluctuations and has observable effects on dissipative heating, expansion dynamics and sound attenuation.
    [1] Phys. Rev. Lett. 123, 205301 (2019).

  • Wednesday 20 November 2019, 14.15h, SR Phil19
    Detecting hidden and composite orders in layered models via machine learning
    Dr. Nicolò Defenu (Universität Heidelberg)

    We use machine learning to study layered spin models where composite order parameters may emerge as a consequence of the interlayerer coupling. We focus on the layered Ising and Ashkin-Teller models, determining their phase diagram via the application of a machine learning algorithm to the Monte Carlo data. Remarkably our technique is able to correctly characterize all the system phases also in the case of hidden order parameters, i.e., order parameters whose expression in terms of the microscopic configurations would require additional preprocessing of the data fed to the algorithm. Within the approach we introduce, owing to the construction of convolutional neural networks, naturally suitable for layered image-like data with arbitrary number of layers, no preprocessing of the Monte Carlo data is needed, also with regard to its spatial structure. The physical meaning of our results is discussed and compared with analytical data, where available. Yet, the method can be used without any a priori knowledge of the phases one seeks to find.

  • Wednesday 06 November 2019, 14.15h, SR Phil19
    Journal club: Quantum unbinding near a zero temperature liquid-gas transition
    Dr. Tilman Enss (Universität Heidelberg)

    Abstract: Journal club on W. Zwerger, J. Stat. Mech. (2019) 103104.

  • Wednesday 30 October 2019, 14.15h, SR Phil19
    Superfluidity and quasicrystals with nonlocal interactions
    Prof. Tommaso Macrì (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil)

    In recent years, propelled by the progress in the field of quantum simulations with ultracold atoms, there has been an increasing interest of the condensed matter community in what is generally called quasicrystal lattices, long-range ordered but non-periodic structures. Besides retaining intrinsic relevant questions that range from the stability of tiled structures at zero temperature to their relation to fractal lattices, quasicrystals have also shown to support quantum phases of matter such as superconductors and Bose-Einstein condensates. Nonetheless, in spite of important works that address the emergence of quasicrystalline order in classical systems, a deeper understanding of the role of quantum fluctuations in these structures still lacks. Here we present our proposal to realize quasi-crystalline states in ultracold setups with non-local interactions.

  • Wednesday 23 October 2019, 14.15h, SR Phil19
    Journal club: Bose polaron in spherical trap potentials: Spatial structure and quantum depletion
    Moritz Drescher (Universität Heidelberg)

    Abstract: Journal club on J. Takahashi et al., PRA 100, 023624 (2019).

  • Wednesday 16 October 2019, 14.15h, SR Phil19
    Complex dynamical neural networks and emergent synchronization phenomena
    Dr. Ana Paula Millán Vidal (University of Granada, Spain)

Summer term 2019

  • Thursday 4 July 2019, 14.15h, SR Phil19 (jointly with Theory of Complex Systems)
    Geometry of Bounded Critical Phenomena
    Dr. Giacomo Gori (Univ Padova, Italy)

    What would you do if you were a system at criticality confined in a bounded domain? Of course you would forget about details of the interaction, lattice spacing flowing to an RG fixed point. Besides attaining this bulk universal behavior you would also try (boundary condition permitting) to forget about the confinement becoming "as uniform as possible". Implementing this requirement in absolute geometric language, the one used by general relativity, we obtain novel predictions for the structure of one- and two-point correlators. These predictions are tested successfully against numerical experiments yielding a precise estimate of a critical exponent of the Ising model in three dimensions.

  • Thursday 27 June 2019, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Quench dynamics in strongly interacting trapped Fermi gases
    Till Johann (Universität Heidelberg)

  • Wednesday 5 June 2019, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Role of the repulsive Fermi polaron in spin transport
    Hans Böhringer (Universität Heidelberg)

  • Wednesday 29 May 2019, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Bose polaron as an instance of quantum Brownian motion
    Moritz Drescher (Universität Heidelberg)

    Abstract: Journal club on A. Lampo et al., arXiv:1704.07623.

  • Thursday 23 May 2019, 9.00h, SR Phil16
    Far-from-equilibrium dynamics of molecules in 4He nanodroplets: a quasiparticle perspective
    Dr. Giacomo Bighin (IST Austria)

    Angular momentum plays a central role in a plethora of quantum processes, from nuclear collisions to decoherence in quantum dots to ultrafast magnetic switching. Here we consider a single molecule embedded in a superfluid Helium nanodroplet as a prototype of a fully controllable many-body system in which to reveal angular momentum dynamics: an ultrashort, high-intensity laser pulse can induce molecular axis alignment, creating extreme out-of-equilibrium conditions, while imaging of molecular fragments after Coulomb explosion allows to obtain time-resolved measurements of molecular alignment.
    The rotational dynamics of a molecule in superfluid Helium cannot be simply understood in terms of interference of rotational molecular states due to the strong interactions with many-body environment: we show that this scenario can be described in terms of the angulon quasiparticle - a quantum rotor dressed by a field of many-body excitations - with a very good agreement with experimental data for several molecular species and across a wide range of laser fluences. The dynamical theory we develop contributes to advancing the understanding of angular momentum dynamics in a many-body environment, with applications ranging from ultracold molecules to condensed matter.

  • Friday 17 May 2019, 12.00h, Phil12;SR106 (jointly with STRUCTURES Jour fixe)
    Applied string theory: Understanding strange metals in the lab with virtual black holes
    Prof. Koenraad Schalm (Institute Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Leiden University)

    The Anti-de-Sitter/Conformal Field Theory correspondence, also known as AdS/CFT, has given us an unprecedented new holographic window in strongly coupled physics. In particular, the existence of charged black holes in AdS predicts the existence of novel quantum critical fixed points distinct from the conventional theory of critical phenomena. I will review how the distinct features of these novel quantum critical points show a remarkable resemblance with the profoundly mysterious behavior of exotic strange metal states of quantum matter, e.g. in high Tc superconductors. Recent experiments of the past two years strongly indicate that this resemblance is more than superficial. This has put us at the cusp of a new era in theoretical physics: we will present the case that current experiments can and will test a holographic gravity model as the theory of the strange metal state.

  • Thursday 16 May 2019, 14.15h, SR Phil19 (jointly with Theory of Complex Systems)
    Quantum Chaos, hydrodynamics and black hole scrambling
    Prof. Koenraad Schalm (Institute Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Leiden University)

    For perturbative scalar field theories, the late-time-limit of the out-of-time-ordered correlation function that measures (quantum) chaos is shown to be equal to a Boltzmann-type kinetic equation that measures the total gross (instead of net) particle exchange between phase space cells, weighted by a function of energy. This derivation gives a concrete form to numerous attempts to derive chaotic many-body dynamics from ad hoc kinetic equations. As in conventional Boltzmann transport, which follows from the dynamics of the net particle number density exchange, the kernel of this kinetic integral equation is also set by the 2-to-2 scattering rate. This provides a mathematically precise statement of the known fact that in dilute weakly coupled gases late-time transport and early-time scrambling (or ergodicity) are controlled by the same physics.
    Surprisingly infinitely strongly coupled, large-Nc theories with a holographic dual also possess this relation between early- and late-time physics. The gravitational shock wave computation used to extract the scrambling rate in strongly coupled quantum theories with a holographic dual is directly related to probing the system's hydrodynamic sound modes. At a special point along the sound dispersion relation curve, the residue of the retarded longitudinal stress-energy tensor two-point function vanishes. This pole-skipping point encodes the Lyapunov exponent of quantum chaos.

  • Wednesday 8 May 2019, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Quantum Many-Body Conformal Dynamics
    Dr. Tilman Enss (Universität Heidelberg)

    Abstract: Journal club on J. Maki and F. Zhou, arXiv:1904.11549.

  • Tuesday 16 April 2019, 14.15h, SR Phil19
    Vortex physics in 2D disordered superconductors
    Dr. Ilaria Maccari (University of Rome "La Sapienza")

    The study of quasi-two-dimensional (2D) superconductors can hardly avoid to take into account the presence of vortices. Many real systems, of both conventional and unconventional superconductors, undergo the superconductor-insulator transition via the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition, at which the phase coherence of the condensate is destroyed by means of free-vortex proliferation. When a finite flux of magnetic field is applied to films, the role of vortices becomes even more crucial for the understanding of the superconducting (SC) transition. Indeed, in this case the transition is no longer driven by vortex-antivortex unbinding, but rather by the melting of the 2D Abrikosov lattice of vortices. Such melting, as predicted by the BKT theory, and afterwards refined by Halperin, Nelson and Young (BKTHNY), can occur in two steps via an intermediate state called hexatic phase. In real systems, the observation of the two-step BKTHNY melting could be hindered by the presence of additional ingredients, such as random pinning, and also competing phases. In [1], we have shown that the 2-dimensional vortex lattice in a-MoGe thin film follows the BKTHNY sequence of melting as the magnetic field is increased. Identifying the signatures of various transitions on the bulk transport properties of the superconductor, we construct a vortex phase diagram for a 2D superconductor. From a theoretical standpoint, the classical XY model with a transverse magnetic field is a very promising candidate to capture the physics experimentally observed and to explore stronger disorder regimes. It constitutes hence a perfect playground for the investigation of the long-standing issue of the emergent glassy-state of the vortex lattice in the presence of disorder.
    [1] I. Roy, S. Dutta, A. N. Roy Choudhury, S. Basistha, I. Maccari, S. Mandal, J. Jesudasan, V.Bagwe, C. Castellani, L. Benfatto, P. Raychaudhuri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 047001 (2019).

  • Wednesday 3 April 2019, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Expansion dynamics in strongly interacting Fermi gases
    Dr. Tilman Enss (Heidelberg University)

Winter term 2018/2019

  • Tuesday 12 February 2019, 10.00h, KIP SR 2.404 jointly with Oberthaler group
    Junctions of weakly-coupled 1D strongly-interacting bosonic systems
    Dr. Andrea Trombettoni (CNR-IOM and SISSA, Trieste)

    After very briefly reviewing the use of ultracold atoms for the implementation of quantum devices, I discuss an example of junctions made by 1D strongly interacting systems weakly coupled between them. I will focus on properties of 1D Bose gases and then of junctions of Tonks-Girardeau gases. When three Tonks-Girardeau gases are coupled, one can exactly map their Hamiltonian by means of a suitable Jordan-Wigner transformation into the Hamiltonian of the multichannel Kondo model. I will also show recent results on the experimental realization of Y-geometries with holographic traps, and comment about recent progress in atomtronics.

  • Wednesday 6 February 2019, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Second sound and superfluidity in ultracold quantum gases
    Dr. Vijay Singh (Hamburg University)

    Ultracold atom systems are well-controlled and tunable quantum systems, and thereby enable us to explore quantum many-body effects, such as superfluidity, or second sound. In this talk, I will examine second sound and superfluidity in ultracold quantum gases using analytical and simulation techniques. I will report on the second sound measurements in the BEC-BCS crossover and provide a theoretical description of the second sound velocity on the BEC side of the system [1]. Here, I will demonstrate that the second sound velocity vanishes at the superfluid-thermal boundary, which is a defining feature of second sound. In the second part of this talk, I will investigate superfluidity of ultracold quantum gases via laser stirring. I will present the stirring experiments in the BEC- BCS crossover and provide a quantitative analysis of the breakdown of superfluidity [2]. I will then investigate superfluidity of 2D Bose gases across the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition and provide a quantitative understanding of the experiments performed in the Dalibard group [3]. I will also present the noise correlations of 2D Bose gases in short time of flight and use them to determine the superfluid phase of the recent experiments at Hamburg [4].
    [1] D. Hoffmann, V. P. Singh, T. Paintner, W. Limmer, L. Mathey, and J. H. Denschlag, Second sound in the BEC-BCS crossover, forthcoming.
    [2] W. Weimer, K. Morgener, V. P. Singh, J. Siegl, K. Hueck, N. Luick, L. Mathey, and H. Moritz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 095301 (2015); V. P. Singh et al., Phys. Rev. A 93, 023634 (2016).
    [3] V. P. Singh, C. Weitenberg, J. Dalibard, and L. Mathey, Phys. Rev. A 95, 043631 (2017).
    [4] V. P. Singh and L. Mathey, Phys. Rev. A 89, 053612 (2014).

  • Wednesday 23 January 2019, 12.00h, SR Phil19
    Quasiparticle origin of dynamical quantum phase transitions
    Dr. Jad Halimeh (MPIPKS Dresden and TU München)

    We consider one- and two-dimensional Ising models with varying interaction ranges. Using matrix product state techniques, we study the dynamics of these systems and show a direct connection between the type of lowest-energy quasiparticles in the spectrum of the quench Hamiltonian and the type of nonanalyticities occuring in the Loschmidt return rate, a dynamical analog of the free energy. Our results also show a clear connection between the type of nonanalyticities and the phase of the long-time steady state in addition to how the order parameter decays at intermediate times. In particular, we discuss anomalous nonanalyticities that occur with no underlying local signature in the order parameter dynamics, unlike the traditional regular nonanalyticities that always correspond to zero crossings of the order parameter. Moreover, we demonstrate how dynamical quantum phase transitions can be used to extract the equilibrium physics of the model from short-time dynamics.

  • Wednesday 23 January 2019, 11.00h, SR Phil19
    Quasi-localized excitations induced by confinement in translationally-invariant quantum chains
    Alessio Lerose (SISSA Trieste, Italy)

    We show that quantum confinement can induce spatial quasi-localization of excitations and slow dynamics even in the absence of quenched disorder. By means of numerical computations based on matrix product states and exact diagonalization, we study the nonequilibrium evolution in quantum Ising chains with longitudinal fields, in long-range quantum Ising chains, and in U(1) lattice gauge theories in one dimension. We demonstrate the emergence of regimes characterized by quasi-many-body localization and long-lived excitations at high energy. We capture these anomalous nonequilibrium dynamics via effective analytical descriptions or via exact mappings to models exhibiting weak ergodicity breaking. These phenomena can be tested in quantum simulators with trapped ions and Rydberg atoms.
    References: arXiv:1806.09674, arXiv:1811.05513, and work in preparation (Feb 2019).

  • Wednesday 16 January 2019, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Spectral functions in QCD: Calculation and Application
    Nicolas Wink (Heidelberg University)

  • Wednesday 9 January 2019, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Relaxation dynamics of disordered Heisenberg spins realized by Rydberg atoms
    Dr. Martin Gärttner (Heidelberg University)

  • Wednesday 12 December 2018, 15.40h, INF 226 room 01.210 — jointly with Weidemüller group
    Boiling a Unitary Fermi Liquid
    Manuel Gerken (Heidelberg University)

    Abstract: Journal club on S. Yan et al., arXiv:1811.00481.

  • Wednesday 28 November 2018, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Deviations from off-diagonal long-range order and mesoscopic condensation in one-dimensional quantum systems
    Andrea Colcelli (SISSA Trieste, Italy)

    A quantum system exhibits off-diagonal long-range order (ODLRO) when the largest eigenvalue λ0 of the one-body-density matrix scales as λ0 ~ N, where N is the total number of particles. Putting λ0 ~ NC to define the scaling exponent C, then C=1 corresponds to ODLRO and C=0 to the single-particle occupation of the density matrix orbitals. When 0<C<1, C can be used to quantify deviations from ODLRO. In this talk I will present the study of the exponent C in a variety of one-dimensional bosonic and anyonic systems.

  • Wednesday 31 October 2018, 15.30h, INF 226 room 01.210 — jointly with Weidemüller group
    Real space dynamics of attractive and repulsive polarons in Bose-Einstein condensates
    Moritz Drescher (Heidelberg University)

    We investigate the formation of a Bose polaron when a single impurity in a Bose-Einstein condensate is quenched from a non-interacting to an attractively interacting state in the vicinity of a Feshbach resonance. We use a beyond-Fr÷hlich Hamiltonian that is able to cover both sides of the resonance and the Lee-Low-Pines variational ansatz to compute the time-evolution of Boson density profiles in position space. We find that on the repulsive side of the Feshbach resonance, the system keeps oscillating with a characteristic frequency for which we derive an implicit equation and discuss to what extent this can be interpreted as a competition between a molecular and a repulsive polaron state. If the impurity is introduced at finite velocity, it is periodically slowed down or even arrested before speeding up again.

  • Wednesday 24 October 2018, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Motion of an impurity particle in a boson superfluid
    Moritz Drescher (Heidelberg University)

    Abstract: Journal club on Girardeau, Phys. Fluids 4, 279 (1961).

  • Wednesday 17 October 2018, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Transport in strange metals
    Dr. Tilman Enss (Heidelberg University)

Summer term 2018

  • Tuesday 02 October 2018, 14.15h, SR Phil19
    Universality in the epsilon expansion
    Dr. Alessandro Codello (CP3-Origins Odense and INFN Bologna)

    After reviewing the Functional reformulation of the standard Perturbative RG (FPRG), I'll describe the classification of universality classes in arbitrary dimension within the epsilon-expansion and the relative determination of CFT data. In the single component case, universality classes are represented by renormalizable scalar QFTs with self-interacting potentials of highest monomial phi^m below their upper critical dimensions dc = 2m/(m-2). For even integers, m >= 4 these theories coincide with the Landau-Ginzburg description of multi-critical phenomena and interpolate with the unitary minimal models in d = 2, while for odd m the theories are non-unitary and start at m = 3 with the Lee-Yang universality class. An important outcome of this analysis is the realization of the existence of a new non-trivial family of d = 3 universality classes with upper critical dimension dc = 10/3. Subsequently, I will show how the FPRG formalism allows a straightforward generalization to the multicomponent case, with almost no need for additional computations. The classification of multicomponent universality classes is far from complete and I will discuss the present state of knowledge with few examples, including Potts and O(N) models.

  • Tuesday 18 September 2018, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    RG induced inflation
    Dr. Nicolò Defenu (Heidelberg University)

  • Tuesday 07 August 2018, 10.00h, SR Phil19
    Journal club: Dynamical formation of Bose polarons
    Dr. Tilman Enss (Heidelberg University)

    Abstract: Journal club on K.K. Nielsen et al., arXiv:1806.09933.

  • Thursday 19 July 2018, 15.00h, INF 226 room 01.106 (Glas Box)— jointly with Weidemüller group
    Composite, rotating impurities interacting with a many-body environment: analytical and numerical approaches
    Dr. Giacomo Bighin (IST Vienna, Austria)

    The angulon quasiparticle formalizes the concept of a composite, rotating impurity in a quantum many-body environment and has proven useful in the description of several experimental settings, from ultracold molecules in a BEC to molecules in He nanodroplets. I introduce a diagrammatic formalism, merging Feynman diagrams with the angular momentum diagrams known from atomic and nuclear structure theory, describing angular momentum redistribution in a many-body system. Then, motivated by recent experiments on laser-induced alignment of molecules in He nanodroplets, I introduce a finite-temperature variational approach to angulon dynamics, showing that the far-from-equilibrium dynamical response of molecular impurities can be rationalized in terms of angulons.

  • Tuesday 17 July 2018, 14.15h, SR Phil19
    Many-body physics with quantum impurities in cold atoms and beyond
    Dr. Richard Schmidt (Max-Planck Institute for Quantum Optics, Garching)

    When an impurity is immersed into an environment, it changes its properties due to its interactions with the surrounding medium. The impurity is dressed by many-body excitations and forms a quasiparticle, the polaron. Depending on the character of the environment and the form of interactions, different types of polarons are created. In this talk, I will review recent experimental and theoretical progress on studying the many-body physics of polarons in ultracold atomic systems [1], and discuss related polaronic phenomena encountered in two-dimensional semiconductors [2] and the study of rotating molecules in superfluid Helium [3]. In the second part of the talk I will then focus on impurities interacting with bosonic quantum gases. Specifically, I will discuss progress on the theoretical description of Rydberg excitations coupled to Bose-Einstein condensates. In such systems the interaction between the Rydberg atom and the Bose gas is mediated by the Rydberg electron. This gives rise to a new polaronic dressing mechanisms, where instead of collective excitations, molecules of gigantic size dress the Rydberg impurity. We develop a functional determinant approach [4] to describe the dynamics of such Rydberg systems which incorporates atomic and many-body theory. Using this approach we predict the appearance of a superpolaronic state which has recently been observed in experiments [5,6].
    [1] R. Schmidt, M. Knap, D. A. Ivanov, J.-S. You, M. Cetina, and E. Demler, Rep. Prog. Phys. 81, 024401 (2018). [2] M. Sidler et al., Nature Physics 13, 255 (2017). [3] R. Schmidt, and M. Lemeshko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 203001 (2015). [4] R. Schmidt, H. Sadeghpour, and E. Demler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 105302 (2016). [5] F. Camargo et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 083401 (2018). [6] R. Schmidt et al., Phys. Rev. A 97, 022707 (2018).

  • Wednesday 11 July 2018, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Journal club: Strong-coupling Bose polarons out of equilibrium: Dynamical renormalization-group approach
    Moritz Drescher (Heidelberg University)

    Abstract: Journal club on Grusdt et al., Phys. Rev. A 97, 033612 (2018).

  • Wednesday 4 July 2018, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Many-body properties from a few-body perspective
    Dr. Tilman Enss (Heidelberg University)

  • Wednesday 27 June 2018, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Journal club: Collisional Properties of a Polarized Fermi Gas with Resonant Interactions
    Hans Böhringer (Heidelberg University)

    Abstract: Journal club on G.M. Bruun et al., Phys. Rev. Lett 100, 240406 (2008).

  • Wednesday 6 June 2018, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Dynamical Vertex Approximation for the attractive Hubbard model
    Dr. Lorenzo Del Re (SISSA, Trieste, and Technical University Vienna)

    Abstract: In this seminar, I will present an extension of the formalism of the Dynamical Vertex Approximation (DΓA) [1], a diagrammatic approach including many-body correlations beyond the Dynamical Mean-Field Theory [2], to treat the case of attractive on-site interactions. I will first introduce the method from a theoretical point of view and briefly review some of the already published results for the repulsive case [3-5]. Then, I will derive the equations for the attractive case proving the validity of the derivation by showing, both analytically and numerically, that the results obtained in the particle-hole symmetric case fully preserve the exact mapping between the attractive and the repulsive models [6]. Furthermore, I will show an application of the extended algorithm to the attractive Hubbard model in three dimensions, for different fillings and interaction values. Specifically, I will focus on the parameter region in the proximity of the second-order transition to the superconducting and charge-density wave phase, respectively, and show (i) their phase-diagrams, (ii) their critical behavior, as well as (iii) the effects of the strong non-local correlations on the single-particle properties.
    [1] A. Toschi et al., Phys. Rev. B 75, 045118 (2007); [2] A. Georges et al., Rev. Mod. Phys. 68, 13 (1996); [3] G. Rohringer et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 256402 (2011); [4] T. Schäfer et al., Phys. Rev. B 91, 125109 (2015); [5] G. Rohringer et al., arXiv:1705.00024 (2017); [6] L. Del Re, M. Capone, A. Toschi, in preparation (2018).

  • Wednesday 30 May 2018, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Journal club: Casimir interaction among heavy fermions in the BCS-BEC crossover (part 2)

    Abstract: Journal club on Y. Nishida, Phys. Rev. A 79, 013629 (2009).

  • Wednesday 23 May 2018, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Dynamical critical scaling of long-range interacting quantum magnets
    Dr. Nicolò Defenu (Heidelberg University)

    Abstract: Slow variations (quenches) of the magnetic field across the paramagnetic-ferromagnetic phase transition of spin systems produce heat. In short-ranged systems the heat exhibits a universal power-law scaling as a function of the quench rate, known as Kibble-Zurek (KZ) scaling. Attempts to extend this hypothesis to long-range interacting systems have lead to seemingly contradicting results. In this work we analyse slow quenches of the magnetic field in the Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick model, which describes fully-connected quantum spins. We determine the quantum contribution to the residual heat as a function of the quench rate by means of a Bogoliubov expansion about the mean-field value and calculate the exact solution. For a quench which ends at the quantum critical point we identify two regimes: the adiabatic limit for finite-size chains, where the scaling is dominated by the Landau-Zener tunneling, and the Kibble-Zurek scaling. For a quench symmetric about the critical point, instead, there is no Kibble-Zurek scaling.

  • Wednesday 16 May 2018, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Bosonic mixtures in two dimensions
    Volker Karle (Heidelberg University)

    Abstract: In this talk a two-component bosonic gas in two dimensions at low temperatures with zero-range repulsive interaction is considered. In our work we focus on the coexistence phase with superfluid behavior in both components, where a new phenomenon appears: The non-dissipative drag, also called Andreev-Bashkin effect, as a result of the interbosonic interactions, which leads to a modification of the usual BKT transition. Quantum fluctuations of the elementary excitations lead to further corrections of the phase boundary. We study the renormalization of the densities at finite temperatures using standard RG methods.

  • Wednesday 09 May 2018, 13.00h, SR Phil19
    Journal club: Casimir interaction among heavy fermions in the BCS-BEC crossover
    Dr. Tilman Enss (Heidelberg University)

    Abstract: Journal club on Y. Nishida, Phys. Rev. A 79, 013629 (2009).

  • Wednesday 02 May 2018, 13.00h, Phil12 gHS
    SFB workshop

  • Wednesday 18 April 2018, 16.00h, CQD lounge — jointly with Weidemüller group
    The Efimov effect in Li-Cs mixtures
    Dr. Bing Zhu (Heidelberg University)

  • Wednesday 11 April 2018, 13.30h, SR Phil19
    Scale invariance and the Quantum anomaly in the 2D Fermi gas
    Dr. Nicolò Defenu (Heidelberg University)

Winter term 2017/18

  • Wednesday 17 January 2018, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Multiply quantised vortices in fermionic superfluids: angular momentum, unpaired fermions, and spectral asymmetry
    Dr. Sergej Moroz (Technical University Munich)

    Abstract: Quantized vortices are a hallmark of superfluids and superconductors. In this seminar I will talk about the orbital angular momentum Lz of an s-wave paired superfluid in the presence of an axisymmetric multiply quantised vortex. For vortices with winding number |k| > 1, I will argue that in the weak-pairing BCS regime, Lz is significantly reduced from its value Lz=ℏ N k/2 in the BEC regime, where N is the total number of fermions. This deviation results from the presence of unpaired fermions in the BCS ground state, which arise as a consequence of spectral flow along the vortex sub-gap states.

  • Wednesday 13 December 2017, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Soliton friction and pairing in superfluids
    Dr. Johannes Hofmann (Cambridge University, UK)

    Abstract: I shall discuss two examples of interaction effects in quantum gases.
    First, I shall discuss the interaction of a collective quantum object - a soliton in a one-dimensional Bose gas - with its thermal environment. Intuitively, one could think of this object as a large pollen in a fluid, expecting Brownian motion to affect the soliton dynamics. Yet, because of the underlying integrability of the problem, it was long thought that such an interaction does not exist. It turns out, however, that there remains a more subtle interplay between soliton and thermal gas which gives rise to a damping force similar to the radiation force exerted on an accelerated charge in electrodynamics, called the Abraham-Lorentz force.
    The second part of the talk will discuss interaction effects in mesoscopic Fermi gases relevant to ongoing experiments in Heidelberg as well as experiments on SrTiO3 nanostructures. While Fermi gases with a variable interaction typically realize a BEC-BCS crossover, finite particle number or confinement can give rise to additional fluctuation effects. I will introduce some aspects of mesoscopic superfluids and discuss how fluctuation effects show up in experiments.

  • Wednesday 25 October 2017, 14.00h, SR Phil19
    Hard-core bosons in flat band systems
    Moritz Drescher (Heidelberg University)

  • Wednesday 18 October 2017, 11.15h, SR Phil19
    Collective oscillations of a trapped atomic gas in low dimensions and thermodynamics of one-dimensional Bose gas
    Dr. Giulia De Rosi (University of Trento, Italy)

    Abstract: Ultracold atoms are exceptional tools to explore the physics of quantum matter. In fact, the high degree of tunability of ultracold Bose and Fermi gases makes them ideal systems for quantum simulation and for investigating macroscopic manifestations of quantum effects, such as superfluidity.
    In ultracold gas research, a central role is played by collective oscillations. They can be used to study different dynamical regimes, such as superfluid, collisional, or collisionless limits or to test the equation of state of the system. In this talk, I will present a unified description of collective oscillations in low dimensions covering both Bose and Fermi statistics, different trap geometries and zero as well as finite temperature, based on the formalism of hydrodynamics and sum rules.
    I will discuss the different behaviour exhibited by the second excited breathing mode in the collisional regime at low temperature and in the collisionless limit at high temperature in a one-dimensional (1D) trapped Bose gas with repulsive contact interaction. I will show how this mode exhibits a single-valued excitation spectrum in the collisional regime and two different frequencies in the collisionless limit. Our predictions could be important for future research related to the thermalization and damping phenomena in this low-dimensional system. I will show that 1D uniform Bose gases exhibit a non-monotonic temperature dependence of the chemical potential characterized by an increasing-with-temperature behaviour at low temperature. This is due to the thermal excitation of phonons and reveals an interesting analogy with the behaviour of superfluids. Finally, I will discuss our research on a gas with a finite number N of atoms in a ring geometry at zero temperature. I will discuss explicitly the deviations of the thermodynamic behaviour in the ring from the one in the large N limit.